Krakow vodič

Krakow City Guide

Words simply fail to describe the drop dead beauty of Krakow (Cracow), Poland’s biggest draw card and tourist magnet. Being the royal capital for 500 years Krakow has always been Poland’s main centre of scientific, cultural and artistic life. The city absorbed so much history and attracted so many artistic talents that is became the jewel to the Polish crown. In Krakow you can find the greatest gems of Gothic and Renaissance architecture which luckily escaped from serious damage during World War II. The Main Market Square, the Wawel Royal Castle, the Barbican Fortress, the gothic St Mary's Basilica, the trade pavilions of the Cloth Hall and the historical Jewish city of Kazimierz are some of the city’s highlights. In 1978 Krakow's historic centre was included in the list of World Heritage Sites but does not mean Krakow has turned solely into an open air museum. The city is vibrant and cosmopolitan and you won’t find any other World heritage Site boasting such a crazy high number of bars and pubs. When being in Krakow you will be dazzled by the huge number of historical buildings and monuments and you will certainly need a break after such an overkill of cultural highlights in one of Krakow’s pubs. Many buildings date back to the 13th century when the city was rebuilt after being completely devastated to the ground by the invasions of central Asian Tartars. Krakow's most glorious period was during the mid-14th century when King Kazimierz the Great commissioned many of the city's finest buildings. In that period also the Jagellonian University was founded in order of the king, which was the second university to be established in central Europe after Prague's Charles University.
Krakow je središnji je bajka poput Royal Castle Wawel, ali grad je definitivno najveća atrakcija nalazi u Starom Gradu. Tamo ćete naći veličanstvene gotičke crkve i uzimanje daha glavnog trga tržište (Rynek Glowny) koji je po veličini u zemlji. Židovska četvrt Kazimierz bivša, sa svojim napuštenim sinagogama, što odražava tragediju židovskog naroda tijekom Drugog svjetskog rata, ostavit će posjetitelja nije bilo nepromijenjen. Ovaj predio nazvan po kralju, Kazimierz, je utočište za Židove od 14th stoljeća. Počelo je kao zasebna poljskom gradu, ali se polako prebacuje u tradicionalnom židovskom četvrti. Na početku 20th stoljeća Kazimierz je postao jedan od vodećih židovskih naselja u središnjem dijelu Europe. Svatko tko je vidio Stevena Spielberga Oscarom nagrađeni film Schindlerova lista, prepoznat će mnoge od filmskih lokacija, dok hodaju okolo Kazimierz. Njemački industrijalac Oskar Schindler spriječiti više od 1000 Židova za izvoz istrebljenja logoru Auschwitz ih zapošljava u lokalnoj tvornici. Schindlerova tvornica, sada zatvoren, još uvijek stoji. Najimpresivniji putovanje izvan Krakovu će posjet bivšeg nacističkog logora u istrebljenje Auschwitz-Birkenau (u mjestu Oswiecim, oko 81 km zapadno od Krakova). Osim židovske tragedije, Krakow će također biti povezana zauvijek s najpoznatijeg omiljeni sin, pokojni papa Ivan Pavao II. Karol Woytya, rođen nedaleko od Kraków, u mjestu Wadowice. Nedugo nakon što je izabran Papa papa je napravio biljeg putovanje u Poljsku u 1979 koji će ujediniti zemlju u suprotnosti s SSSR-nametnute vlade. Komunisti nikada nije volio grad ionako zbog svojih kraljevskih korijena, intelektualnim ambicijama i katoličke težnji.

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